219

219

219

219

– 3

-9


*77.05 -
*77.06 -
*77.07 -
*77.08 -
*77.09 -



:
- 41.31,41.91
- 78.60-78.69
*77.15 -
*77.16 -
*77.17 -
*77.19 -


:
- 77.51
*77.26 -
*77.28 -



:
- 73.8
- 03.01-03.09
- 73.94
- !
*77.36 -
*77.37 -
*77.38 -


*77.45 -
*77.47 -
*77.48 -


*77.51
*77.52
*77.53
*77.54

*77.56 -
-
() -
-
*77.57 -
-
() -
-
-


:
- 77.40-77.49
- 79.60-79.69
*77.65 -
*77.66 -
*77.67 -
*77.68 -



:
- 84.00-84.19, 84.91
- 80.90-80.99
, :
- - 81.00-81.29
- – 81.51-81.59, 81.71-81.81, 81.84
- 80.5-80.6, 80.80-80.99
- 81.51-81.53
- 03.01-03.09
- 03.01-03.09
- 77.51-77.59
:
- - 84.01
- - 84.02
- - 84.11
- !
- !
*77.86 -
*77.87 -
*77.88 -


:
- 84.00-84.19, 84.91
, - !
*77.96 -
*77.97 -
*77.98 -


:
- ()
( , )

- 77.70-77.79
:
- 78.30-78.39
*78.06
*78.08 -


//
:
, - 93.51-93.5
*78.15 -
*78.17 -
*78.18 -





/
*78.28 -



/
- 78.10-78.19
*78.38 -




:
- 78.10-78.19
- 78.30-78.39
- 78.20-78.29
- 77.3
- 82.61-82.69
( ) - 34.74
- 78.00-78.09
*78.46 -
*78.48 -


()


:
- 81.00-81.85
- 78.00-78.09
- 78.20-78.29
- 79.10-79.19
*78.55 ,
*78.56 -
*78.57 -
*78.58 -


()

()
:
, , ( Kirschner) ( Steinmann) - 97.88
- - 02.95
*78.65 -
*78.66 -
*78.67 -
*78.68 -


()

()
:
, , ( Kirschner) ( Steinmann) - 97.88
- - 02.95
*78.69 ,


*78.75 -
*78.76 -
*78.77 -
*78.78 -


:
()

()
:
() () - 99.86
*78.95 -
*78.96 -
*78.97 -
*78.98 -


*79.09 –


:
- 79.40-79.49
*79.15 –
*79.16 -

(0-9)
:
- 79.50-79.59
*79.25 –
*79.26 –
*79.27   -


:
- 79.50-79.59
*79.37 –
*79.39 –



*79.56 -
*79.59 - –
/ /



*79.65 –
*79.66 - ,


: ( )
:
- 76.93
*79.75
*79.76 ,


:
*80.07 -
*80.08 -



:
:
- 88.32
- 80.20-80.29
- 81.92
- !
*80.15
*80.16

,
( ) Goldner
Heyman-Herndon (Strong)
:



:
- 73.94
:
- 04.43
- 04.44
*80.46 , –
*80.47 , –
*80.48 , –



:
Baker - 83.39
*80.75 - -
*80.76 -
*80.77 -
*80.78 –


: :


*81.11

*81.13
*81.14
*81.15
*81.16


: :

()

*81.44
Roux-Goldthwait
*81.45
*81.46
*81.47
*81.49

,
*83.11
*83.12

, ,
:
– 83.21
*83.32
:

Volkman

*83.39
:
– 83.5
– 86.3
– 80.70-80-79

,
*83.64

,
;
.
: - 83.62


:
,
*83.71
*83.72
*83.73
*83.74
*83.75
*83.76
*83.77
Volkmann
*83.79

,
:
, ,
*83.81
*83.82
*83.83
*83.84 ,
Evans
*83.85




*83.86
*83.87


*83.88




:
- 84.3
*84.11


Ray ( , )

:
- 86.26-
*84.12


Chopart

( )
:
Ray – 84.11
*84.13
*84.14
*84.15

*84.3


:
:
:
- 64.43-64.44
- 31.75
- 70.61-70.62
*86.63
:
- 86.65
- 86.66


*86.85
:
- 77.40-77.49
- 79.60-79.69

: , () 9 , 24.

: , (, / .), :
- , . .
, „ ”.
:
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- , .
.
, , , .

.
" ", - , " ". " ", - , " " -9 : *78.15; *78.17; 78.18; *78.55; *78.56; *78.57; *78.58; *78.65; *78.66; *78.67; *78.68; *79.09; *79.15; *79.16; *79.25; *79.26; *79.27; *79.37; *79.39; *79.56; *79.65; *79.66; *79.75; *79.76; *83.64; *84.11; *84.12. , .
„ ” I .

1. , , ,
, , , , .

/
1. /
2. /
3. //
4.
5.

2. , , , ,
, , .

/
1. /
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3. -


-

3 .
1. 18 :
- – ;
- – ( , );
- ;
- ;
- .

2. 18 :
- – ;
- – ( , );
- ;
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- ;
- .

: .
( „ “), .

.
, - .
1.
:
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:
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- .

2. – .
– , .

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/, . / , .
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.

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, .

3. .
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. , ( TNM-).

4. .
, :
(/) :
- ;
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- .
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.
/ , - – .
, , .

5. – .

.
1.
” () “ ”, . – 7.

2. – ( 2) – “ ” “ ”. 2 “ ”.

3. :
3.1. .
3.2. – ( “ ”).
3.3. .

4. / :
- “ ”;
- “ ”, . – 7;
- – (/), .

5. ( ..........................) – (/) “ ”.

6. “ - ”.

- - .

4
(//)


?
, , . , . , ( , ) .
?
, , . , .
?
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, , . , . , - .
, , - . , , , , .
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?
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, , .
( ), .
(, ). , . , . , 6-10 . .
(), . . , .
, .
, , .

3.6, 8

219